Book Chapters


Posters & Presentations




Digging Miami, by Robert S. Carr

The pace of change of Miami since its incorporation in 1896 is staggering. The seaside land that once was home to several thousand Tequesta is now congested with roads and millions of people while skyscrapers and artificial lights dominate the landscape. Ironically, Miami's development both continually erases monuments and traces of indigenous people and historic pioneers yet also leads to the discovery of archaeological treasures that have lain undiscovered for centuries. In Digging Miami, Robert Carr traces the rich 11,000-year human heritage of the Miami area from the time of its first inhabitants through the arrival of European settlers and up to the early twentieth century. Carr was Dade County's first archaeologist, later historic preservation director, and held the position at a time when redevelopment efforts unearthed dozens of impressive archaeological sites, including the Cutler Site, discovered in 1985, and the controversial Miami Circle, found in 1998. Digging Miami presents a unique anatomy of this fascinating city, dispelling the myth that its history is merely a century old.
This comprehensive synthesis of South Florida's archaeological record will astonish readers with the depth of information available throughout an area barely above sea level. Likewise, many will be surprised to learn that modern builders, before beginning construction, must first look for signs of ancient peoples' lives, and this search has led to the discovery of over one hundred sites within the county in recent years. In the end, we are left with the realization that Miami is more than the dream of entrepreneurs to create a tourist mecca built on top of dredged rock and sand; it is a fascinating, vibrant spot that has drawn humans to its shores for thousand of years. 


"A wonderful, moving narrative of the archaeology of greater Miami."--Paul George, editor of Tequesta

"Amazing. In spite of the intense urban development of Southeast Florida, valuable archaeological contexts are still present and continually being discovered."--Randolph Widmer, University of Houston


The Everglades

The Everglades once blanketed a quarter of Florida. Stretching from Lake Okeechobee to Florida Bay, its saw grass prairies, mangrove swamps, and hammocks were home to a profusion of animals, plants, and prehistoric Native Americans, as well as Seminoles, Miccosukees, and Gladesmen of historic times. In 1904, Napoleon Bonaparte Broward ran for Florida governor with the political platform of creating farmland by dredging the Everglades and spilling its water into the ocean. By 1914, this spectacular natural feature was on the verge of destruction, and environmentalist May Mann Jennings led a grassroots movement to preserve Royal Palm Hammock. In the 1930s, Ernest Coe and Marjorie Stoneman Douglas fought to preserve a larger area, culminating in the creation of Everglades National Park in 1947. 

PRICE: $18.00


 "A must read book for history of the Florida Everglades." --Amazon. 

From Shipwreck to Historic Boatyard: Historical Archaeology and Community Collaboration

Book Chapters


It’s Ceremonial, Right? Exploring Ritual in Ancient Southern Florida through the Miami Circle

Ryan J. Wheeler and Robert S. Carr 

New Histories of Pre-Columbian Florida (Edited by Neill J. Wallis and Asa R. Randall): 203-222. University Press of Florida (2014)



Origins and genetic legacies of the Caribbean Taino

Hannes Schroeder, Martin Sikora, Shyam Gopalakrishnan, Lara M. Cassidy, Pierpaolo Maisano Delser, Marcela Sandoval Velasco, Joshua G. Schraiber, Simon Rasmussen, Julian R. Homburger, María C. Ávila-Arcos, Morten E. Allentoft, J. Víctor Moreno-Mayar, Gabriel Renaud, Alberto Gómez-Carballa, Jason E. Laffoon, Rachel J. A. Hopkins, Thomas F. G. Higham, Robert S. Carr, William C. Schaffer, Jane S. Day, Menno Hoogland, Antonio Salas, Carlos D. Bustamante, Rasmus Nielsen, Daniel G. Bradley, Corinne L. Hofman, and Eske Willerslev 

PNAS March 6, 2018 115 (10) 2341-2346; published ahead of print February 20, 2018 

Analysis of ceramics from Brickell Point, 8DA12

Robert S. Carr
The Florida Anthropologist, 59 (3-4): 133-159. (2006)

An analysis of the prehistoric human remains found at the Miami Circle at Brickell Point site, 8DA12

Alison A. Elgart and Robert Carr 

The Florida Anthropologist, 59 (3-4): 241-249. (2006) 

Preliminary report on salvage archaeological investigations of the Brickell Point site (8DA12)...

Robert S. Carr and John Ricisak 

The Florida Anthropologist, 53 (4): 260-284. (2000)

Prehistoric circular earthwork in South Florida

Robert S. Carr  

The Florida Anthropologist, 38 (4): 288-301. (1985)

The Brickell store and Seminol Indian trade

Robert S. Carr 

The Florida Anthropologist, 34 (4): 180-199. (1981)


Lucayan–Taíno burials from Preacher's cave, Eleuthera, Bahamas

W. C. Schaffer, R. S. Carr, J. S. Day, M. P. Pateman

International Journal of Osteoarchaeology, 22: 45-69 (2012). doi:10.1002/oa.1180 

Indios naturales y floridanos en Guanabacoa, La Habana, Cuba

Lisette Roura Alvarez, Odlanyer Hernandez de Lara

 Ciencia Y Sociedad 44(4):35-50 (2019). doi: 10.22206/cys.2019.v44i4.pp35-50

From Shipwreck to Historic Boatyard: Historical Archaeology and Community Collaboration

Odlanyer Hernandez de Lara, Robert S. Carr

Adventures in Florida Archaeology (2019)

Digging in Circles: Prehistoric Architecture in the Miami River

Robert S. Carr, Ryan Franklin

Adventures in Florida Archaeology (2019)



The Recognition, Frequency, and Taxonomic Association of Skeletal Pathology

Ryan Franklin

Full title: The Recognition, Frequency, and Taxonomic Association of Skeletal Pathology from Selected Plio-Pleistocene-Aged Sites from the Cradle of Humankind, Witwatersrand, South Africa.

A dissertation submitted to the Faculty of Science, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa, in fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy.

Johannesburg, 2010

Neither Ocean nor Continent: Correlating the Archaeology and Geomorphology of the Barrier Islands

Alan Brech

Full title:  Neither Ocean nor Continent: Correlating the Archaeology and Geomorphology of the Barrier Islands of East Central Florida

A thesis presented to the Graduate School of the University of Florida in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Arts.

Gainesville, 2004

Posters & Presentations


New Discoveries of the Everglades Landscape: Lost Creeks and Prehistoric Sites

Robert Carr, Ryan Franklin, and Odlanyer Hernandez de Lara 

Presentation / Southeastern Archaeological Conference. Proceedings of the 75th Annual Meeting. November 14-17, 2018 

Archaeological testing of agricultural fields in the eastern Everglades has resulted in the discovery of creeks and prehistoric sites buried beneath the muck. This creek system had been previously unknown and was undetected during earlier assessments. Aerial photographs taken during and after sugar cane cultivation revealed the ancient creek system and resulted in the discovery of a 2,000-3,000 year-old prehistoric midden (8PB17113) and cemetery (8PB17114). 

Bottle Analysis of the Bradley Park Renovation Excavation

Rodrigo Cardenas, Robert Carr, and Danielle Ashley Simon 

Poster / 70th Annual Meeting of the Florida Anthropological Society, May 2018



Archaeological Monitoring and Documentation at the Holly Parcel (3336 N Flagler Drive), Palm Beach C

Robert S. Carr, Odlanyer Hernandez de Lara, Ryan Franklin, Timothy A. Harrington, John G. Beriault

AHC Technical Report #1210. December 2018