The pace of change of Miami since its incorporation in 1896 is staggering. The seaside land that once was home to several thousand Tequesta is now congested with roads and millions of people while skyscrapers and artificial lights dominate the landscape. Ironically, Miami's development both continually erases monuments and traces of indigenous people and historic pioneers yet also leads to the discovery of archaeological treasures that have lain undiscovered for centuries. In Digging Miami, Robert Carr traces the rich 11,000-year human heritage of the Miami area from the time of its first inhabitants through the arrival of European settlers and up to the early twentieth century. Carr was Dade County's first archaeologist, later historic preservation director, and held the position at a time when redevelopment efforts unearthed dozens of impressive archaeological sites, including the Cutler Site, discovered in 1985, and the controversial Miami Circle, found in 1998. Digging Miami presents a unique anatomy of this fascinating city, dispelling the myth that its history is merely a century old.
This comprehensive synthesis of South Florida's archaeological record will astonish readers with the depth of information available throughout an area barely above sea level. Likewise, many will be surprised to learn that modern builders, before beginning construction, must first look for signs of ancient peoples' lives, and this search has led to the discovery of over one hundred sites within the county in recent years. In the end, we are left with the realization that Miami is more than the dream of entrepreneurs to create a tourist mecca built on top of dredged rock and sand; it is a fascinating, vibrant spot that has drawn humans to its shores for unimaginable years.
"A wonderful, moving narrative of the archaeology of greater Miami."--Paul George, editor of Tequesta
"Amazing. In spite of the intense urban development of Southeast Florida, valuable archaeological contexts are still present and continually being discovered."--Randolph Widmer, University of Houston
The Everglades once blanketed a quarter of Florida. Stretching from Lake Okeechobee to Florida Bay, its saw grass prairies, mangrove swamps, and hammocks were home to a profusion of animals, plants, and prehistoric Native Americans, as well as Seminoles, Miccosukees, and Gladesmen of historic times. In 1904, Napoleon Bonaparte Broward ran for Florida governor with the political platform of creating farmland by dredging the Everglades and spilling its water into the ocean. By 1914, this spectacular natural feature was on the verge of destruction, and environmentalist May Mann Jennings led a grassroots movement to preserve Royal Palm Hammock. In the 1930s, Ernest Coe and Marjorie Stoneman Douglas fought to preserve a larger area, culminating in the creation of Everglades National Park in 1947.
"A must read book for history of the Florida Everglades." --Amazon.
Ryan J. Wheeler and Robert S. Carr
New Histories of Pre-Columbian Florida (Edited by Neill J. Wallis and Asa R. Randall): 203-222. University Press of Florida (2014)
Robert S. Carr
The Florida Anthropologist, 59 (3-4): 133-159. (2006)
Alison A. Elgart and Robert Carr
The Florida Anthropologist, 59 (3-4): 241-249. (2006)
Robert S. Carr and John Ricisak
The Florida Anthropologist, 53 (4): 260-284. (2000)
Robert S. Carr
The Florida Anthropologist, 38 (4): 288-301. (1985)
Robert S. Carr
The Florida Anthropologist, 34 (4): 180-199. (1981)
Full title: The Recognition, Frequency, and Taxonomic Association of Skeletal Pathology from Selected Plio-Pleistocene-Aged Sites from the Cradle of Humankind, Witwatersrand, South Africa.
A dissertation submitted to the Faculty of Science, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa, in fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy.
A thesis submitted to the Graduate School in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree Master of Arts, New Mexico State University.
Las Cruces, New Mexico, May 2016